WinNc File Functions

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Revision as of 10:14, 27 October 2011 by Toth Laszlo (Talk | contribs) (Filters)

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In this chapter you can find the basic operations for file management. Instead of the one-paneled Windows explorer, WinNc uses dual panels. One panel can be used as a source the other as a target. You can browse through directories by double-clicking or pressing ENTER. To copy, move or rename select the source files by pressing INS or using the right-mouse button. Then drag the files in any place in the other panel. WinNc will display a conformation to copy (F5) / move (F6) / compress (F5 - select compress) the files.

WinNc Operation Dialog

WinNc uses a standardized dialog for all its file operations, like copy, move, compress, split and so on. An example of the operation dialog is shown in the picture below.


Available Operations

At the left side of the operation dialog, the available operations are visible and can be selected. The availability of operations depends on the file selection and the type of source and destination folder. For example when the selection is on an FTP server, it is not possible to write a CD. In that case this action is not available.


At the top side, the destination editor is shown. Here the user can change the destination by keyboard or by selecting a different path. Below the path, the number of files and the projected file size is shown. It is possible to enter a different target name or wildcard. For example when the user copies a single file, named 'readme.txt' to the destination 'c:\temp', then by changing the destination to 'c:\temp\readme.dat' the file is copied to this name. When multiple files are copied, it is possible to use a wild card, thus copying multiple files to 'c:\temp\*.bak' copies the files with the .bak extension. It is even possible to copy the files directly in the source folder by copying it to '*.bak' (without a folder specification).


Most operations have support for one or more standard options like 'include subfolders'. The options are:

  • Include subfolders: The operation includes also files and folders which are located in the selected folders.
  • Filter: Use filters (see filter part).
  • Clear attributes: The read-only, hidden and system attribute will not be copied to the target files.
  • Only newer files: When the file already exists in the target folder it will only be overwritten when the source is newer.
  • Queued: WinNc pauses the operation until other operations have ended.
  • Allow undo:
  • Non stop:
  • CRC Check:



These filter boxes give you the following options to narrow your search even further. More than one box can have parameters entered into it.

On the first line the two boxes are:

  • Include: Additional filename and extensions can be entered here.
  • Exclude: Additional filename and extensions can be entered here.

On the second line the two boxes are:

  • Include Folders: Additional Foldername can be entered here.
  • Exclude Folder: Additional Foldername can be entered here.

On the third, fourth line the four boxes are:

  • Before: Enter a date that follows the date your file was created. This will display only files with a date prior to the one you select.
  • After: Enter a date that precedes the date your file was created. This will display only files with a date after the one you select.
  • Above: Enter a file size smaller than the file you are searching for (i.e. 100 kB). This will put a floor on your results and display only files with a larger size.
  • Below: Enter a file size larger than the file you are searching for (i.e. 1000 kB or 1 mB). This put a ceiling on your results and will display only files with a smaller size.

Now we have the five checkboxes on the right hand side. These checkboxes have the same functions as used in your Windows software.

  • Read only: read only attribute (effected on files, directories).
  • Hidden: hidden attribute (effected on files, directories).
  • System: system attribute (effected on files, directories).
  • Directory: directory attribute (effected on directories).
  • Archive: archive attribute (effected on files, directories).

These Checkboxes in the filter section actually have three states. Let's take the hidden checkbox as an example.

  • A transparent/grayed out box means non-hidden files only (default state).
  • A clear check-marked box means hidden only.
  • Solid blue/unchecked means both hidden and non-hidden.

Special options

A number of operations have dedicated options. These options depends on the selected operation and will be described by that particular operation


Copy (F5)

Select a number of files with the INS key or use the right-mouse button. Drag the files to the other panel and WinNc will ask for a conformation to copy the files. You can also use the F5 keyboard shortcut instead of dragging.

Fast copy

Move (F6)

Select a number of files with the INS key or use the right-mouse button. Press the move buttons in the lower toolbar. You can also use the F6 keyboard shortcut instead of dragging.

Rename (F6)

You can rename files in WinNc by using the move function. Type in a different name and WinNc will rename the file to that file. Or you can rename by right-clicking on the file-icon and selecting rename in the menu. You can also use the windows method of slowly clicking on the filename.

Create directory (F7)

You can create a new directory by using the shortcut-key F7. Or you can use the windows method. Right-click on a blank part of a panel and select "New directory" from the menu.

View and Edit (F3 en F4)

With F3 you can view inside files. WinNc can view the following formats internally: JPG, GIF, BMP, TGA, WMF, PCX, MP3, WAV, FLC, DOCS, XLS, HTML, MID and AVI. If WinNc does not recognize the filetype it will use the internal HEX viewer similar to the one in NC for DOS. You can assign an external viewer to a specific filetype by pressing SHIFT-F3. If you press F3 on a directory, WinNc will calculate the size of the files in that directory (including all subdirectories) With F4 you can start the file or document in the application that they are associated with. Do you want to override the association and simply open the file in Notepad press SHIFT-F4. When you use F4 on a directory Explorer will open the directory.

Delete or Delete to trashcan (F8)

Select a number of files with the INS key or use the right-mouse button. You can remove the selected files by pressing F8. You can also use the window method by pressing DEL.

Calculate Size (F9)

Select a number of files with the INS key or use the right-mouse button. By pressing F9 you can calculate the size of all selected files.

Create shortcut (ALT-F9)

Select one or a number of files with the INS key or use the right-mouse button. Drag the files to the other panel. While holding down the leftmousebutton, press the rightmousebutton and release the leftmousebutton. Select "create shortcut" in the appearing menu. If you normally drag from a WinNc panel to the desktop, WinNc will create a shortcut on the desktop.

Selecting a drive

If you would like to change the drive of a panel you can use a number of methods. You can change drives by clicking the small driveicon on top of the panel. You can use the dropdownmenu to select a drive. For old NC-users the shortcutkeys ALT-F1 and ALT-F2 can be used to select panel one or two and change the driveletter.

Finding a Directory Faster

In the "WinNc mode" you can start typing the start letter of a file and WinNc will jump to the file. In the Norton Commander mode you will need to use CTRL-ALT + first letter.

Advanced rename (Shift-F6)

Advanced Rename